Ohanasi Kagawa

【Nihongo-Level ★★☆☆】How to use these similar meaning verbs correctly

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Ohanasi Kagawa

Ohanasi Japanese Language School


Japanese Learners might make a mistake?

Hi I’m Satomi. I have taught Japanese to foreigners for more than 4 years. I realized some of them might make a mistake even if they are intermediate students.Today, I want to explain how to distinguish them.


Choose the appropriate verb.

aゆでる bたく cむす dにる

1.こめを (  )。
2.パスタを(  )。
3.肉まんを(  )。
4.カレーを(  )。

*I’ll show you these answers at last!

Introducing the way of using them

ごはんを たく


:To add water, soup stock, seasonings, etc. to food and heat to moisten it.
 After cooking is complete, no water is left behind and the food absorbs the moisture and becomes fluffy.

 ”たく” rarely used in eastern Japan except for “cooking rice”.
 On the other hand, in Kansai, the word “たく” is used to describe “boiling in water that has been completely filled with water”.

たまごを ゆでる


:To heat the food through to the center. Not to flavor with any seasonings except for salt. (Sometimes salt is added to boiling water.)

ぎょうざを むす


:Indirect heating of food by placing it in steam.

さといもを にる


:To put ingredients in water, broth, or other liquid to heat and season.

 The difference from “ゆでる” is that not only the cooked food but also the broth is served together.

Example sentence

米を たく。/ 米(こめ)=rice

ごはんを たく。/ごはん =rice

パスタを ゆでる。/パスタ=pasta

野菜を ゆでる。/野菜(やさい)=vegetable

肉まんを むす。/肉まん(にくまん)=manju (steamed bun) with meat filling

プリンを むす。/プリン=pudding

カレーを にる。/カレー=curry

魚を にる。/魚(さかな)=fish

スープを にる。/スープ=soup

Answer of Quiz

1.こめを (たく)。

Wouldn’t it be a great way to practice if you could try using the grammar we learned today in a real conversation with Japanese friends?

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